Garland TrufflesThe Truffle Experts | 0 Comments
THE OLDEST AND FOREMOST SUPPLIERS OF TRUFFLES IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
Garland Truffles is the oldest and first successful grower of truffles in the Western Hemisphere. It is the only nursery in the United States that has grown and sold trees that are in production. Elusive for centuries, cultivating truffles, the gourmet delicacy of France, Italy and Spain, can now be achieved in selected areas around the United States.
Why Choose Garland Truffles?
- They are the only supplier of truffle producing trees in the New World
- They have proven truffle cultivation methods have produced truffles in four to five years
- Their competition has only managed to product one truffle in twice that time
- They are a North Carolina Department of Agriculture Certified Nursery. They can ship trees anywhere in the United States
About Garland Truffles
Franklin and Betty Garland are the owners and operators of Garland Truffles. In business since 1979, they pioneered truffle growing in the Western Hemisphere and produced the first commercially grown truffles in the United States in 1992. Franklin has published numerous articles and papers, and has provided multiple presentations about truffle growing.
His innovative methods have been used successfully by growers worldwide. Garland Truffles is the leader and the only successful nursery in the USA. Our established grower communication network worldwide insures that Garland Truffles can provide the most current technology and supplies available. Franklin Garland is the developer of the exclusive Garland Method for Producing Truffles. As of 2008, our trees and methods are the only ones that have repeatedly produced truffles in as little as five years.
The Garlands own and harvest from several orchards in North Carolina and Virginia.
Nursery facilities are operated in North Carolina and Oregon. All orders should be placed through their main office in North Carolina. The combined experience of our nurserymen is over 60 years. Franklin Garland is the author of the booklet Truffle Cultivation in North America. He has served as the president of the North American Truffle Growers Association (NATGA), representing over 100 growers in the United States. In 2008, NATGA officially named Franklin the founding father of the truffle industry in the Americas.
The newest member of Garland Truffles is Franklin’s son, Gavan Garland. He brings a new generation of enthusiasm to the truffle business.
Truffles are a type of mushroom that grows underground. They have been sought and savored since ancient times. They have been a cultivated crop since the late 19th century. Most truffles cultivated today come from farms located primarily in Spain, Italy, and France. This exquisite delicacy can now be grown in the USA.
The most modern and technologically advanced methods are used to produce our plants. Inoculation by RFM™ and production trade secrets are proprietary to the Garland Truffle company and are only available to their customers. Garland Truffles not only sell trees, but are also farmers who grow and sell truffles.
There are four notable species of truffles: the French Black Perigord Tuber melanosporum, the Burgundy Tuber uncinatum, the Italian Alba White Tuber magnatum, and to a lesser extent, the Black Tuber brumale. Of economic importance, but considered by many inferior in flavor, are the Black SummerTuber aestivum, the Oregon White Tuber gibossum, and the Chinese Tuber indicum
Truffle Growing Basics
Truffles are a fungus that can only survive by attaching itself in a mutually beneficial way to certain types of tree roots in what is called a symbiotic relationship. The resulting combination of fungus, roots and other select organisms form a structure called mycorrhiza.
The trees are planted in a high density orchard at 500 trees per acre. Small plantings are not recommended, as they will probably result in failure due to under-colonization. With the adequate soil conditions, climate, and time span, the delectable mushrooms are produced.
Garland Truffles only recommends growing two types of truffle bearing trees for production, the Black Perigord or the Black Burgundy. The Italian White should only be planted experimentally; all other species are of inferior quality and should be avoided.
Garland are the leaders in this extremely profitable agricultural crop, being the first successful and only proven suppliers of truffle producing inoculated trees in the Western Hemisphere. You can contact them tofind out if they are suitable for your particular soil and climatic conditions.
Garland Truffles offer the below trees inoculated with either Black Perigord Truffle or Black Burgundy Truffle. Italian White Truffle is available at additional cost for experimental purposes. They are a North Carolina Department of Agriculture Certified Nursery and can ship trees anywhere in the United States.
Filbert trees are grown from disease resistant or immune varieties.
European Filbert, Corylus avellana
A small bush growing to 12 feet tall, it is the most common choice. Truffle production usually begins after 5 years. Its life span is up to 50 years. Garland Truffle filbert trees are Eastern Filbert Blight Immune.
Holly Leaved Oak, Quercus ilex
Ranging from a small tree to 25 feet tall, this live oak retains its serrated green leaves throughout the year. Longevity is 75 years. High density plantings can start producing after 5 years. It is particularly adapted to somewhat warmer and dryer climates.
English Oak, Quercus robur, Quercus pedunculata
Ranging from a small tree to about 70 feet tall, it is often used as an ornamental. This deciduous tree has typical lobed oak leaves. It lives up to 100 years and is good for inter-planting with filberts. Production begins after 10 to 12 years.
Downy Oak, Quercus pubescens
It is the longest lived of the truffle producing oaks, at over 100 years. It can attain tremendous size. For truffle orchards, these are normally pruned to form multiple trunks to maintain orchard conditions. Production begins after 10 to 12 years, and it is recommended as an inter-planted tree.
FAQ: General Information
Why choose Garland Truffles?
With over 30 years of experience, Garland Truffles is the oldest and most trusted truffle tree supplier in the Western Hemisphere. We are the only nursery with proven results. Our customer service is second to none.
How do you inoculate the trees?
The trees are prepared using a combination of licensed procedures from France and RFM™ so to produce high yielding trees. These are trade secrets.
Are deer a problem?
Deer will occasionally pull out of the ground a young tree that has not had a chance to root, but for the most part they leave the trees alone.
Do you offer any grower assistance?
For growers purchasing trees from us exclusively, we will recommend a maintenance regime free of charge.
How do you test your plants?
On pick up or delivery of the truffle-infected tree seedlings by the purchaser, three plants for every 500 plants will be examined by Garland Truffles. The purchaser will select the plants from the supply batch and to attend the examination. The purpose of this investigation is to prove and document the presence of the fungus on oak and hazelnut seedlings, by means of microscopic examination. This is generally determined by the visual presence of mycorrhiza. The examined plants are not part of the ordered quantity.
Can I grow them in a greenhouse?
Truffles have never been successfully cultivated in containers or in a greenhouse.
Where are the producing orchards and who inoculated the trees?
The only producing orchards of Tuber melanosporum in the United States are in the Mid Atlantic States. The trees were inoculated by Garland Truffles. Attempts to grow truffles elsewhere and by other nurseries have not been successful.
What growing experience is needed?
At least gardening experience is required, preferably some farming experience.
What is the minimum size for an orchard?
Typically the minimum size is one acre, about 500 trees. We do not recommend planting less than 54 trees.
Have any orchards failed and why?
The primary reason for failure has been abandonment and improper care. Orchards in the wrong geographic and climatic conditions or trees prepared by others that are inexperienced have also failed.
For sales and other inquiries contact Sheila Parks
Visit the Garland Truffles website
Follow Garland Truffles on: and